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A Complete Guide on Multiple Dwellings Relief Eligibility and Benefits

Published by UK Property Accountants
Published Date: August 17, 2023

If you want to invest a certain amount in residential property, buying two or more dwellings together might be more beneficial than buying a single dwelling property. This is because of relief in stamp duty land tax (SDLT) for multiple dwelling transactions. The relief does not automatically apply and must be claimed.

A dwelling refers to a house or a part of house suitable for a household to live safely, securely and independently. They must have exclusive access to basic facilities like washing, cooking etc.

How can I benefit from MDR?

MDR is a generous relief available for investors in the UK property market . There are some tax benefits a property buyer can get from MDR.

Image of Who Can’t Claim Multiple Dwellings Relief
  • Single Dwelling Property

  • Multiple Dwellings Property

Initial SDLT rate (0%) apply only up to £250K, remaining amount is charged at 5%, 10% or 12%

For Example, 

Propco invests on single dwelling for £1.5 million. With regular SDLT rates, the total SDLT payable would be £91,250 (0% until £250,000, 5% for next £675,000, 10% for remaining £575,000).

Had he bought five flats for £1.5 million (instead of single dwelling), his SDLT (if MDR claimed) would be £15,000 (as he could use the initial rate of 1% for five times of £250,000 i.e., 5*£250,000*1% and nothing would be left for higher rates). So, he could save, £76,250 (£91,250 - £15,000).

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What are the Criteria for Eligibility of MDR?

The relief applies where the transaction contains at least two dwellings.

criteria for eligibility of MDR

It applies when you buy two separate houses or apartments or flats in one transaction. A mixed-use property (partly used as residential and partly as commercial) also qualifies for MDR. And it also applies when you buy a house that contains two or more dwellings (e.g., a main house with self-contained annex or “granny flat”).

The dwelling must also meet the following conditions :

  • It must be suitable to live in at the time of the sale.
  • It must provide basic facilities like cooking, washing bathing, sleeping etc.
  • The occupants must be able to enjoy privacy and security (for example, the main door must be lockable, there should not be other interconnecting doors etc).

Who Can’t Claim Multiple Dwellings Relief?

The relief cannot be claimed where:

Image of Who Can’t Claim Multiple Dwellings Relief
  • The dwelling is higher threshold interest such as ATED related 15% SDLT.
  • SDLT group relief, reconstruction relief, and acquisition relief could be claimed.
  • There is an exercise of collective rights to buy by tenants of flats.
  • Charites relief could be claimed.
  • Crofting community rights to buy are exercised.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do You Apply for Multiple dwellings relief?

To apply for MDR, first you need to calculate correct amount of SDLT. Using the calculated amount, you can claim MDR while doing SDLT return.

What is the time limit for claiming multiple dwellings relief?

MDR is claimed while doing SDLT return (i.e., within 14 days of purchase), and if missed, within 12 months of the date when SDLT was filed.

Assess Your Eligibility for Multiple Dwellings Relief: Fill Out the Form Now for Potential Property Tax Savings

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