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Bank of England Leaves Interest Rate at 5.25%

Published by UK Property Accountants
Published Date: September 22, 2023 , Updated Date: February 7, 2024

In a significant move, the Bank of England has decided to maintain the current interest rate at 5.25%. This decision comes after a year of uncertainty and economic challenges.

In this article, we will explore the reasons behind this decision, its implications, and what experts have to say about it.

The Decision

The monetary policy committee recently voted on the bank rate, with a majority of 5–4 in favour of maintaining it at 5.25%. This decision was not without debate, as four members advocated for an increase of 0.25% to 5.5%.

Additionally, this close vote highlights the complexity of the economic situation.

Future Expectations

The decision to keep the interest rate steady and similar to the Previous Interest Rate was influenced by the minimal drop in inflation, which currently stands at 6.7%. The Bank of England expects inflation to return to its 2% target in the medium term, although they did not specify a timeline as in their previous report.

A group of financial experts in a boardroom discussion.

They emphasised the need for monetary policy to remain restrictive for an extended period to achieve this goal and stated that further tightening might be necessary if persistent inflationary pressures emerge.

Impact on Various Sectors

The decision to hold the interest rate has significant consequences. Some experts believe that central bank policymakers should consider halting rate hikes entirely.

They argue that ongoing rate increases could hinder economic growth, reduce investment, impede entrepreneurial activity, limit development and innovation, and have an adverse impact on overall economic well-being. 

Illustration depicting the impact of interest rate hikes on economic growth and businesses.

Additionally, businesses with substantial borrowing face challenges due to soaring interest rates, particularly those struggling to cover interest costs through operating profit.

These businesses, often referred to as 'zombie companies,' would experience a substantial increase in their debt burden if they were required to refinance at higher interest rates.


The Bank of England's decision to maintain the interest rate at 5.25% reflects the ongoing economic challenges and the delicate balance required to manage inflation. It has raised important questions about the future direction of monetary policy and its impact on businesses.

As we navigate these uncertain times, it's essential to stay informed about economic developments and their potential consequences. For businesses and individuals alike, financial decisions can significantly impact our financial well-being. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

Why did the Bank of England decide to keep the interest rate at 5.25%?

The decision was influenced by the minimal drop in inflation to 6.7%, and the bank aims to return inflation to its 2% target sustainably in the medium term.

How do rising interest rates affect businesses in the UK?

Rising interest rates can be punitive for businesses, particularly those with high levels of borrowing, as it increases their interest obligations.

What are 'zombie companies'?

'Zombie companies' are businesses that cannot meet their interest obligations through operating profit. 

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