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Overview of Key Tax Changes Effective April 2024 in the UK

Published by Chirag
Published Date: April 9, 2024

Numerous tax changes came into effect in the fiscal landscape of the United Kingdom as of April 2024. These changes, aimed at recalibrating the tax regime and fostering economic stability, encompass various facets of taxation, from dividends and National Insurance Contributions (NICs) to Capital Gains Tax (CGT) and Value Added Tax (VAT).

What are the Tax Changes Being Made?

Below is a detailed breakdown of the notable tax changes:

Reduction in Dividend Allowance:

The dividend allowance undergoes a significant reduction, plummeting from £1000 to a mere £500 annually. This decrease in the allowance signifies a more stringent tax regime concerning dividend income.

Revised NIC Rates:

Both employees and self-employed individuals witness a revision in National Insurance Contribution (NIC) rates.

The UK government is reducing the main rate of employee National Insurance by 2p, lowering it from 10% to 8%, effective April 6, 2024. Additionally, a further 2p cut will be applied to the main rate of self-employed National Insurance, in addition to the previously announced 1p reduction, resulting in a decreased main rate of Class 4 NICs for self-employed individuals from 9% to 6%.

Tax Changes UK

This alteration aims to strike a balance between equitable tax burdens and sustainable social security provisions.

High-Income Child Benefit Charge Threshold Adjustment:

To accommodate changing income dynamics, the threshold for the high-income child benefit charge escalates from £50,000 to £60,000.

For incomes above £80,000, the tax charge equals the Child Benefit payment. For incomes between £60,000 and £80,000, the HICBC rate is halved, at one per cent for every £200 above £60,000. This adjustment seeks to alleviate the tax burden on families with moderate to high incomes.

Stability in Personal Tax Allowances:

Most personal tax allowances remain unchanged, ensuring consistency and predictability in individual tax liabilities.

Capital Gains Tax (CGT) Amendments:

CGT Annual Exempt Amount: The CGT annual exempt amount will be permanently reduced to £3,000, reflecting tighter regulations on capital gains.

Tax Changes UK

Lower CGT Rate for Residential Property: The higher CGT rate applicable to residential property transactions sees a decrease, being cut from 28% to 24%. This tax change aims to stimulate investment in the property market while maintaining tax revenue streams.

Expansion of VAT Threshold:

The VAT threshold is adjusted upward from £85,000 to £90,000, accommodating inflationary pressures and aligning with economic growth trajectories. Furthermore, the threshold for taxable turnover, used to assess eligibility for deregistration, will be raised from £83,000 to £88,000.


These tax changes represent a concerted effort by the government to streamline fiscal policies, enhance revenue collection mechanisms, and promote economic resilience in the face of evolving global dynamics. By keeping a note of these tax changes, taxpayers and businesses can navigate the intricacies of the tax landscape more effectively, ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements while optimising tax planning strategies for long-term financial sustainability.

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