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Surge in Buy-to-Let Company Formations Amid Tax Challenges

Published by Chirag,
Posted Date: January 18, 2024 , Modified Date: May 29, 2024

In light of a noticeable downturn in individual property acquisitions by landlords throughout the year 2023, a substantial and noteworthy surge emerged in the establishment of limited companies specifically dedicated to the management and operation of Buy-to-Let properties.

This shift in strategy reflects a dynamic response within the real estate landscape, signalling a strategic recalibration by property investors facing challenges in the traditional Buy-to-Let sector.

Regional Dynamics and Buy-to-Let Company Formation Trends

As the property market navigated contrasting patterns in 2023, experts reported a record-breaking 50,004 new limited Buy-to-Let companies established across the UK, marking a 3% increase from the 2022 record.

The year unfolded in two halves, with the first witnessing a dip in new incorporations post the mini-budget’s implications.

However, the latter half experienced a resurgence, especially driven by investors grappling with heightened mortgage rates.


The regional landscape revealed diverse dynamics, with a leading region recording an 8.4% year-on-year increase in new company formations.

This surge is attributed to the contrasting tax rates between individual landlords and limited companies, making the latter a financially appealing option.

In another region, a noteworthy trend emerged, with 58% of limited company Buy-to-Lets held by companies set up outside the region.

This geographical preference aligns with a broader trend. As of the beginning of 2024, the total count of active limited companies for holding Buy-to-Let properties in the UK reached 345,426, reflecting an 11.6% increase from the count recorded at the outset of 2023.

Strategic Response to Regulatory Changes and Financial Landscape

Approximately 68% of these active companies were established between 2017 and 2023, coinciding with phased tax changes. This indicates a strategic response by landlords to evolving regulatory landscapes.

The total properties held by these companies surged by 82% from the end of 2016, with approximately 75% having associated mortgages.

Despite a 3% decrease in total Buy-to-Let mortgages, limited company mortgages increased by 10% in the past 12 months.

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